7 EV Industry Innovation Trends 2022
The electric vehicle (EV) technology revolution is transforming the automobile industry. The world is making its last transition away from fossil fuels and heading towards a more sustainable future. As is well known, burning coal using hydropower or nuclear power plant to generate energy results in significant greenhouse gas emissions.
Electric vehicles (EVs) are gaining popularity as a low-carbon transportation choice because of their favorable environmental impacts, low running costs, and growing model selection. The electric vehicle industry has been expanding quickly for over a decade, but there is still room for improvement. However, a complete transition to electric vehicles would need technological advancements and a considerable expansion of the EV charging infrastructure.
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Recently, there have been some innovations in the battery charging management and design of the electrical vehicles. With these innovation and revolution occurring in the electric vehicle industry, it is understandable why people are beginning to shift toward an electric vehicle (EV). These are some of the top EV Industry Innovation Trends of year 2022 that are anticipated to change the electric vehicle market:
Trend 1: Smart Charging
The concept behind smart charging is straightforward: unlike conventional (or ‘unintelligent’) chargers, smart chargers can interact with your car, the grid, and other smart chargers to reduce energy usage and eventually prices. Drivers, for instance, can better organise their charges while paying less to do so if they are informed of times when the energy demand nearby is low and so it is cheaper to charge. Even though the car won’t start charging until the proper time, drivers can still plug it in to the point as soon as they reach home.
When a smart charger is used to recharge an electric vehicle, the owner plugs in the charging cable and establishes a communication channel with the vehicle. There is nothing more to do if the driver and the vehicle are already registered with the smart charging provider.
The intelligent EV charging platform recognises the driver, starts the session with the best energy utilisation, keeps track of the battery charge in the car, ends the session once the car is fully charged, and pays the driver in accordance with their pre-agreed conditions.
With the aid of smart energy management, the charging station operator may keep an eye on, control, and modify energy usage in accordance with operational needs and driver- or operator-set priorities. According to the needs and restrictions of the EV and the site, the level of power delivered to chargers and energy usage can be visually shown and adjusted.
Trend 2: Electrified Roads and Wireless Charging
Electrified roads for electric vehicles are divided into three types, based on the charging methods.
- Vehicles continuously receive electricity from overhead lines through the pantograph. For large cars and buses that can access power cables, conductive overhead charging works well. Create a path so it can be permanently connected to its power source.
2. In Sweden, the first electrified road in the world that allows automobiles and trucks to recharge their batteries as they travel along has been in operation since 2018. The system transfers power from two roadside rail tracks using a movable arm that is mounted to the underside of an automobile or truck.
3. Similar to how wireless phone chargers operate, inductive charging technology is used for the wireless charging of vehicles. A single magnetic coil in a charger, which is buried beneath the road surface, transmits electricity to another magnetic coil or pad installed on the underside of the automobile.
Trend 3: Vehicle to Grid (V2G) Charging
When electricity is most affordable during the off-peak hours and drivers can utilize this time to fully recharge their vehicles. When costs are higher, they can sell the same energy back to the grid. With vehicle-to-grid charging, electric cars become a solution to the problem they create. Vehicle-to-grid tech is getting a lot of attention for its potential to help balance the grid as we move towards a more electric world.
With vehicle-to-grid, you may utilize your electric vehicle as a battery pack. One of the first large-scale household V2G projects in the world, the Powerloop bundle from Octopus Energy, is now testing this technology. The V2G charger can both export energy to feed back to the grid and absorb energy to charge devices.
Trend 4: Non-Lithium-Ion Battery-Powered Vehicles
Lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery is a cutting-edge battery technology that powers modern EVs. However, just as the EV sector is developing, so too are the batteries that drive these cars.
While battery firm like Log9 Materials has already created RapidX batteries that are compatible with its “InstaCharge” stations, it is thought that Mumbai-based Earth Energy is working on vehicles powered by graphite batteries. Ee Ve, an electric mobility firm based in Odisha, also makes use of two under-seat lithium ferrous phosphate (LFP) battery packs.
Trend 5: Build A Native and Inherently Flexible Electric Vehicle
In non-native EVs, the majority of the components, including the powertrain and battery, are based on their previous Internal Combustion Engines vehicles.
In native electric vehicles, the majority of the entire design is new, requiring higher investment efforts in terms of engineering man-hours and new tooling costs. All of the Tesla models are examples of how the native EV platforms have proven useful and flexible in enabling larger battery packs, which correlate to high range, higher power, or faster charging.
In terms of driving range and interior space when compared to identical base ICE Vehicles, there is a noticeable difference between native and non-native EVs. Native EVs offer superior battery package optimization and can adopt a basic structure, allowing them to travel up to 300–400 km on a single charge. Rapid advancements are being made in the non-native EV to further improve the battery capacities, and vehicle range and develop better flexible designs.
Trend 6: EV Powertrain Integration
EV powertrain integration is still on the rise, with various power electronics components coming together and being combined into fewer modules. One “mainstream” EV powertrain design, either for overall architecture or for the design of individual components, has not yet materialized, as players continue to look for ways to improve design efficiency.
The layout of the electric cables linking the primary EV powertrain parts (that is, battery, e-motor, power electronics, and thermal-management modules) is a good indication of the increasing level of integration. Beyond the fact that technology is still developing, the intrinsically higher level of flexibility of EV powertrains, whose components are typically smaller, and degrees of freedom based on available space in the underbody and front and rear compartments are higher than for ICE powertrains, may also help with the variety of powertrain designs.
It is important to note that such freedom in component location also allows for greater flexibility in the overall characteristics provided, such as choosing to have space for a larger trunk or providing better driving performance due to a lower center of gravity.
Trend 7: Personal Mobility Devices
PMDs, or personal electric mobility devices, are compact, one-person electric automobiles. As a cost-effective, last-mile mobility option across the nation, these kinds of vehicles such as low-speed two-wheelers and electric cycles will soon begin to proliferate. Small towns and rural areas have a large market for PMDs.
In conclusion, these are a few of the trends that are now spreading throughout the EV industry as major market drivers for EVs including charge point operators, e-Mobility service providers, utilities, and governments collaborating to increase the adoption of EVs. Almost every automobile manufacturer in the world is pursuing EV technology, and many other industries are looking for ways to adapt to the technology for their own products. By 2035, the biggest automotive markets are likely to be fully electric: providing both a glimpse of a green future and significant economic opportunity.
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